Alex Haun burns Lick Creek bridge

Burning the bridge at Lick Creek
In November 1861, a talented potter named Christopher Alexander Haun—most often called ‘Alex’—lives in a part of Greene County known as Pottertown, a Unionist enclave in the Confederate State of Tennessee. Several other potters have their homes there as well, and they all use clay found near Lick Creek to make their wares. These are rural potters who run businesses selling their clay creations, often as a supplement to farming. Their finely crafted earthenware is still highly prized today. Alex Haun and the other potters staunchly support the Union.

7 NOVEMBER 1861
On the eve of the bridge burning, Jacob Harmon, also a local potter, visits his Unionist neighbors and asks for their help in burning the bridge. When Harmon knocks at Alex Haun’s door, he agrees to assist in burning the Lick Creek bridge the following night.

8 NOVEMBER 1861
On November 8, 1861, forty to sixty men, including Alex Haun, arrive at Jacob Harmon’s home and are immediately sworn into Company F of the Second Tennessee Voluntary Infantry Regiment of the U.S. Army. They then travel to the edge of Harmon’s farm, where the railroad bridge crosses Lick Creek.

The Unionists find several Confederate soldiers camping under the bridge and immediately take them into custody. The burners make quick work of firing the bridge. Other bridge burners force their captives to swear an oath to the Union and promise not to tell what they have witnessed that night, then releases them. They do not keep their word.

Arrest
Confederate authorities are livid at this guerrilla action from the Unionists of Northeast Tennessee, and they quickly strike back. Within hours of the bridge burning, the Rebels capture several bridge burners, including Alex Haun, aged 40, Jacob Harmon, 43, and his son Henry Harmon, 22. A Confederate court-martial at Knoxville finds these men guilty of treason for participating in the burning of the Lick Creek Bridge.

Elizabeth Cobble Haun

10 DECEMBER 1861
From the Knoxville jail, Alex Haun corresponds with his wife, Elizabeth Cobble Haun, trying desperately to prepare her for life without him and how to support herself and their children.

Knoxville, Tenn., 10 December 1861

Dear Elizabeth Haun, children, mother, brother, and sisters, neighbors, and friends:

I have had my trial, but I have not heard my sentence. I fear it will be bad. They may take my life and they may not … When I hear my sentence I will write again. If I should not reach home soon I want you all to do the very best you can. Betsy, take care of your corn for bread. There are going to be hard times about bread. And have that ware [his pottery] finished off, and get shoes and clothing and something to go on … Children, be good to your mother and serve God. …

C.A. Haun

11 DECEMBER 1861
Alex Haun’s sentence is death. By hanging. On the day of his execution, he writes again to his wife. His thoughts are with her and their children, whom he knows he will never see again.

Dear Elizabeth:

I want you to move where we used to live on Arthur’s place, where he can see to you and the children, and work for  him instead of working to and fro among strangers; and make the children read the Testament every Sabbath they are not at preaching … keep them away from all bad company. Do not suffer them to use bad words or quarrel with one another, and learn them manners; it will be for their benefit.

If any one comes to you hungry turn them not away empty if you have it … Let Arthur or some one relate your situation and cause of my death to the government authorities, and the government will surely do pretty liberally for you and the children in the way of support and education … Have Bohanan Henshaw or Sam to finish off that ware, and do the best you can with it for your support … Dear friends one and all, farewell for a little season.

C.A. Haun

Haun then writes to Colonel Baxter, an officer at the Knoxville jail:

I have to die today at twelve o’clock. I beg of you to have my body sent to Midway P.O. [a small town near their home in Greene County] directed to Elizabeth Haun. This much I beg of you to do.

C.A. Haun

And again to Elizabeth:

Dear Elizabeth:

I have the promise this morning that my body shall be sent home to you. Oh! live for heaven. Oh! my bosom friend and children, live for Heaven. Meet me in heaven, I pray. My time is almost out. Dear friends, farewell in this world. Farewell earth and earthly troubles.

C.A. Haun

Execution
Christopher Alexander Haun is hanged at noon on 11 December 1861 at the Knoxville jail, for treason against the Confederate States of America. His family buries him not far from the the Lick Creek bridge on Pottertown Road in Greene County.

SOURCES
Paula Gammell, Christopher Alexander Haun,” accessed 15 May 2021, easttennesseeroots.com/_28__Christopher_A__Haun.pdf

Sarah Elizabeth Hickman, Christopher Alexander Haun,” Tennessee Encyclopedia, Tennessee Historical Society, 8 October 2017, accessed 15 May 2021, tennesseeencyclopedia.net/entries/christopher-alexander-haun/

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